Smart Sustainability: CORE FRAMEWORK & APPLICATIONS PLATFORM
Smart city core technology requirements are covered within the framework through establishing a core framework & technology platform to be further developed in‐ house and outsourced through an open‐data architecture of which all deployments are to be tested, secured and quality‐controlled in advance. The core platform covers 6 fields of performance as BUILDING, ENERGY, WATER, WASTE, AGRICULTURE and TRANSPORTATION through de/centralized applications deployed for integration with or manage the end‐point hardware & systems built‐in applications.
Smart Sustainability: ICT TOPOLOGY
There is a layered system topology and architecture through which field based local service applications shall be possible within neighborhoods and districts. Regional sub systems, applications and services are centrally integrated through a service oriented architecture. E‐governance shall provide integration of systems and integration with 3rd party services. Following the core systems deployment, end‐user developments and customizations shall be possible through open data and authorized/ monitored source codes and application protocol interfaces so that sustainable system development can be assured.
Service applications are developed for functional fields as building, water, energy, etc. on neighborhood and district basis within an overall system hierarchy. The subsystems, applications and services are executed on regional basis but through being integrated centrally within a layered structure of SOA. E‐governance is deployed for cross functional integration of internal systems and external 3rd party services. Regarding the topology in general;
(a) All sensors at each floor present can transmit periodic packages, preferably stored on a wireless and low power consumption communication network.
(b) Signal repeaters are to be provided to minimize packet / data loss due to radio frequency noise and interference from other devices, atmospheric conditions, or systems in the environment.
(c) All data packets in an environment can eventually be sent to a remotely manageable telemetry system and temporarily stored.
(d) All the telemetry systems in the building may be able to transmit data packets to central processing units via wireless systems such as WiFi, Bluetooth or GPRS; even though they require wired systems such as fiber‐optic or power lines via one or more gateways.
(e) Depending on the data flow and management decisions, an interaction can be provided, if necessary, to transmit the central manual or rule‐based autonomous system applications to the sensors and actuators through the same reverse data flow.
Smart Sustainability: BUILDING
BUILDING module is capable of smarting energy, water, waste, air conditioning, security and agriculture activities, consumptions and facilities. It is possible to monitor and manage environment through sensors in different functions and areas such as temperature, humidity, lighting, climate, water flow, high voltage, smoke, motion, sound and security management throughout flats and buildings. Likewise, there are more than one detection systems which are to be needed for measurement, analysis and control of electricity, water, security, air conditioning, illumination systems, at each floor of buildings and they are to be collected for the transmission through centralized building gateways to regional data transmission hubs.
Smart Sustainability: SECURITY
SECURITY module is capable of surveying, monitoring, remote sensing, recognizing and analyzing everything day & night to maintain the public safety as much as possible through a network of EO/IR camera systems. While doing so, face recognition, behavior analysis, vehicle/ person identification according to rule‐based restrictions shall also be on the agenda. Besides, vehicle plate analysis and recognition, tagging vehicles, measuring speed, analyzing unexpected/ suspicious movements and other security measure features are within the scope of security module.
Smart Sustainability: ENERGY
ENERGY module is on duty through integrating with SCADA systems of renewable energy producers, storage units and transmission network while also being integrated with “energy” submodule of BUILDING for proactive management of energy supply‐ demand within city grid. Besides, city outdoor lighting and illumination of all regions through LED‐based network solutions shall also establish a IPv6 6LoWPAN system through which all environmental data can be gathered through embedded sensors within LED structures.
Smart Sustainability: WATER
WATER module is on duty through integrations with SCADA systems of water supply, storage, discharge units and transmission network of blue line (clean), brown line (dirty), grey line (processed) while also being integrated with “water” submodule of BUILDING for proactive management of water supply‐demand within city grid. Harvesting and water treatment infrastructure administration is on duty for instant measurement and monitor of flow, pressure, usage through SCADA to prevent/ repair/ recover any leak, breakdown, etc. to keep the loss rate below 10%.
Smart Sustainability: WASTE
WASTE module is the key point both for preserving the ecosystems and gaining sources which may have economic value added not only for SUPERCITY itself but also other neighbor towns. The mission is composed of two strongholds as the COLLECTION for solid and liquid wastes and the RECYCLE MANAGEMENT for separation, filtering, storing and discharging processed waste in a manner that both net positive attitude and protection of nature shall be achieved within the sustainability performance.
Smart Sustainability: AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURE module is the command and control unit for city‐wide aquaponic, hydroponic and other intensive agriculture fields and areas through collecting sensor‐ based environmental data, processing and analyzing parameters and controlling end‐ point hardware for water, humidity, nutrition, lighting, etc. of vegetation to increase the output with less consumption of resources. Economic development and prosperity for smart sustainability shall depend on several key technologies and the cooperation of organizations on these technologies. WIRELESS ARGICULTURE MANAGEMENT (WAN) systems shall be a key for sustainable/ efficient agriculture WAM maintains simultaneous interpretation of soil humidity, water need, climate/ meteorology conditions, water reserve info, evaporation coefficient, spectrophotometer soil analysis, etc. Charging separately for different users using the same source of water by calculating water consumption for each. Simultaneously interpreting the data that determines the amount of water consumption and, according to the result, can draw up an immediate and forward‐looking irrigation plan. Wireless communication system that will provide advantages in installation and operation cost. The advantage of operating costs thanks to the availability of all field equipment from solar batteries. Estimation of water sufficiency in many different plots and plant varieties, alternative proposals. Real‐time collecting and evaluating the data affecting the irrigation and implements an irrigation management according to this result. When there are many different plots and plant species, alternative proposals are made by controlling the sufficiency of the water available during the irrigation period. When there are lots of large and small lots with different owners, WAM calculates and charges the water consumption with the electronic meters on the main pipes. WAM has three main components for implementation: (a) Management Planning; algorithm of how to decide in which scenario, (b) Software; formulations of given decisions, problems that may arise, command structures and detailed reporting, (c) Equipment; PLC software, I / O cards will be prepared, communication protocols, all field equipment (valves, sensors etc.), wireless communication and solar batteries. Management Planning; (a) Depending on the water holding capacity of the soil and the rate of water uptake, (b) Effective root depth, plant water consumption and plant water need depending on development period, (c) The low pressure / high pressure values are also measured to provide instant meteorological values and the next week's weather forecasts (to be received online) (d) The amount of water in the water reservoir and the evaporation coefficient information from the evaporation chamber, (e) Including alternate engineering studies of how to interpret data simultaneously.
Along with the intensive soil‐based agriculture applications, smarting agriculture with aquaponic applications are also on the agenda. Through such systems, it is possible to achieve the following throughputs with smart sustainability.
Eco‐friendly production with zero waste water discharge.
Soil nutrients are used by plants, water quality remains optimal.
75% less energy use than traditional farming
No harmful pesticide use, no crop production
Landless farming opportunities in unfavorable areas
Less methane emissions Year‐round production and sales on value
Products with extra value in special markets with aquatic products
The intense demand for organic products, fresh, locally grown fresh produce
According to traditional cultivation, 10 times more products in the same field, vertically to half the work force
Energy costs can be reduced by combining 2 production systems in the same field
The ease of modifying the system in the direction of local/ regional requests
Transportation costs are reduced because the products are made in the areas where they are consumed
Both products are grown under full control conditions without the influence of external conditions (pests, climate).
Soil‐related diseases are eliminated when the soil is disabled.
Smart Sustainability: TRANSPORTATION
TRANSPORTATION module is the headquarters of all city‐wide means of transportation both terrestrial & aerial. The mission shall be grouped under two subsystems as “fleet management” and “traffic & roads management” FLEET MANAGEMENT shall cover the execution of mass transportation system, electric vehicles to be used within sharing/ pooling for personal transport and light commercial applications and the unmanned aerial vehicle systems through which city‐wide aerial data can be gathered and light transport of goods can be managed within a UAV grid network. “TRAFFIC & ROADS MANAGEMENT” is the master for managing the transport flow within the city in all aspects as vehicles, drivers, passengers, pedestrians and roads to sustain the quality & efficiency of an integrated network for increasing the quality of life and well‐being of people.